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When treating high blood pressure, a few small details to pay attention to can increase the effect of the drug

Time:2023-03-25 23:49:52 author:Emergency treatment Read:317次
When treating high blood pressure, a few small details to pay attention to can increase the effect of the drug

According to official data, the number of people with hypertension in China has reached 330 million, which is the main cause of dangerous diseases such as myocardial infarction, cerebral infarction, and cerebral hemorrhage. Among the consultations that Hua Zi encountered, the questions about high blood pressure were also the most. Hua Zi found that many friends with high blood pressure can take medicine regularly, but in the process of treatment, because some small details are not well controlled, they cannot achieve the expected control effect, resulting in poor effect after medication. or increased adverse drug reactions.

I. Low sodium salt and high blood pressure

Science has confirmed that sodium ions are one of the causes of high blood pressure, while potassium ions are one of the causes of high blood pressure. The ions counteract the boosting effect of sodium ions. There is a theory that the unbalanced intake of sodium and potassium in Chinese dietary habits is the main cause of high blood pressure. Therefore, for hypertensive patients, controlling the intake of sodium ions and increasing the intake of potassium ions is beneficial to control blood pressure. Hypertensive patients, the recommended daily salt intake is between 3 and 5 grams. The low-sodium salt, which replaces part of sodium chloride with potassium chloride, is more suitable for hypertensive patients. Moreover, the use of thiazide diuretics (hydrochlorothiazide, indapamide, etc.) has the side effect of excreting potassium and sodium, and eating low-sodium salts can reduce the impact of side effects on blood pressure. However, it should be noted that the antihypertensive drugs include Puli drugs, sartans, and potassium-sparing diuretics (spironolactone, triamterene, etc.) that have the effect of increasing blood potassium. Low sodium salts contain more potassium ions. When used together with the above drugs, it may cause hyperkalemia and lead to the risk of cardiac arrest. People with renal insufficiency have a weakened ability to regulate electrolytes and are also prone to hyperkalemia. Therefore, people who use the above drugs and those with renal insufficiency should be careful not to consume low-sodium salts during antihypertensive treatment.

Two, try not to eat grapefruit (grapefruit)

For people with high blood pressure, eating more vegetables and fruits can help control blood pressure, but the Grapefruit is best not to eat. Because grapefruit contains more furanocoumarins, it will interfere with the metabolic function of the liver drug enzyme CYP3A4. Most drugs, such as dipines in antihypertensive drugs, some statins in lipid-lowering drugs, and repaglinide in hypoglycemic drugs, need to be metabolized by CYP3A4 enzyme. People who need long-term medication may inhibit the activity of the liver drug enzyme CYP3A4 after eating a large amount of grapefruit, resulting in slow drug metabolism and accumulation of poisoning. Therefore, for patients with high blood pressure, try not to eat grapefruit to reduce the risk of medication.

Third, take medicine according to the time of blood pressure fluctuation

Most hypertensive patients take medicine after getting up in the morning. For people with normal blood pressure fluctuations, taking medicine in the morning is the best way suitable. The daily fluctuation of human blood pressure is normally two peaks in the morning and afternoon, and a trough at night. Therefore, taking the medicine in the morning has a better control effect on the peak blood pressure during the day. However, some hypertensive patients, especially elderly hypertensive patients, have irregular blood pressure fluctuations, and there may be an increase in blood pressure at night or in the morning. People with high blood pressure should do 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, which can determine the fluctuation of blood pressure and determine the most suitable time for taking the medicine.

Fourth, the choice of antihypertensive drugs

In the choice of antihypertensive drugs, it is recommended to use long-acting antihypertensive drugs taken once a day instead of Take short-acting antihypertensive drugs more than 3 times a day. Because long-acting antihypertensive drugs have long-lasting effects and slow metabolism, they have the best effect on blood pressure control. Short-acting antihypertensive drugs are likely to cause fluctuations in blood drug concentrations, and blood pressure will also fluctuate, which has the risk of inducing acute cardiac and cerebral events. If the initial blood pressure exceeds 160/100mmHg, it is recommended to choose a combination of two antihypertensive drugs. About 70% of hypertensive patients require a combination of two or more drugs to control blood pressure. When taking medicines with the words slow-release or controlled-release, do not break or grind them unless it is stated in the instructions of the medicine that they can be taken apart. After taking slow-release and controlled-release drugs, don’t be nervous if you see the entire tablet excreted from the body, because some drugs are insoluble matrix tablets, and the tablets will not be broken after the drug is released. To sum up, in the treatment of high blood pressure, it is necessary to understand the influence of drugs and low sodium salts and grapefruit, the relationship between the time of taking the drug and the fluctuation of blood pressure, and the selection of antihypertensive drugs. Money can increase the effectiveness of medicines and reduce the risks of taking them. The medicine should be used under the guidance of a doctor. If you have any doubts about the medicine, please consult your doctor or pharmacist. I am Huazi, a pharmacist. Welcome to follow me and share more health knowledge.

(责任编辑:Mental disorder)

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