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What medicines are available to treat depression? Which drug works best? Which foods help with recovery?

Time:2022-12-08 07:41:44 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Emergency treatment Read:349次
What medicines are available to treat depression? Which drug works best? Which foods help with recovery?

What are the antidepressants? What medicines can help with depression? Presumably this question is what many patients with depression and their families care about and want to know about. Clinically commonly used antidepressants are divided into the following three categories:
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • are currently the most commonly used Antidepressants, mainly imipramine, amitriptyline, doxepin, clomipramine, norimipramine, etc.
  • The sedative effects of tricyclic antidepressants appear the earliest, and mood improvement usually occurs after 2 to 4 weeks.
  • Side effects include dry mouth, constipation, blurred vision, dysuria, and orthostatic hypotension, which can lead to urinary retention and intestinal paralysis in elderly patients.
  • bicyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants
  • represented by maprotiline, its pharmacological effects are related to Similar to tricyclic antidepressants, they have the advantages of quick effect, few side effects, and a broad spectrum of antidepressant effects.
  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
  • These are the first antidepressants to appear and can improve mood.
  • Due to many side effects, the antidepressant effect is not very good, and it has been gradually replaced by tricyclic antidepressants in the past 20 years.
Commonly used antidepressants include the following:
  • Paroxetine
  • Take 1 The effect can be achieved after ~3 weeks, and the treatment time is long enough to consolidate the effect.
  • Adverse reactions were mild and transient. Common are mild dry mouth, nausea, anorexia, constipation, headache, tremor, fatigue, insomnia and sexual dysfunction.
  • Sleep disturbances, agitation or anxiety, nausea, sweating, and confusion can be associated with syndromes associated with rapid discontinuation. Therefore, it is recommended that patients must not stop the drug without authorization, and all follow the doctor's advice.
  • Fluvoxamine
  • is suitable for the treatment of various depression and related symptoms, especially in patients with obvious suicide attempts , Obsessive-compulsive disorder symptom treatment, can be used for depression with glaucoma, prostatic hypertrophy, heart disease patients.
  • The side effects are relatively mild, mainly nausea, drowsiness, constipation, anxiety, tremor, decreased exercise, fatigue, etc.
  • Venlafaxine
  • Monocyclic antidepressants, which inhibit the reuptake of NE/5-HT, are The first drug to inhibit the reuptake of these two transmitters, the antidepressant is equivalent to imipramine.
  • Its side effects are mild, mainly nausea, drowsiness, dizziness, dry mouth, sweating, sexual dysfunction, and increased blood pressure.
  • Drug overdose is safer. When stopping the drug, the dose should be gradually reduced within 1 to 2 weeks.
  • Sertraline
  • is used to treat symptoms associated with depression, including accompanying anxiety, with or without a history of mania of depression. After the curative effect is satisfied, continuing to take sertraline can effectively prevent the recurrence and recurrence of depression.
  • The effect can be seen within seven days of taking the medicine. Full effect will take longer.
  • Adverse reactions include dry mouth, indigestion, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness, tremor, insomnia, sexual dysfunction, palpitations, etc.
Those with severe side effects of antidepressants should reduce the dose, stop the drug or switch to another drug. It is generally not recommended to use more than two antidepressants in combination. Because of the high recurrence rate of this disease, the treatment should be maintained for 4-6 months after the symptoms are relieved to consolidate the curative effect and prevent recurrence. There are many more antidepressant drugs, so I won't go into details here. It should be emphasized that antidepressants must not be taken blindly. For different groups of people, each drug may achieve the best therapeutic effect, so which drug to take must be selected under the diagnosis and guidance of a doctor. In addition to taking medicine, what can depression patients eat to help them recover?
  • Yellow foods
  • Yellow foods such as corn and bananas are good waste pickers because corn and bananas are fortified Digestive system and liver function, while also removing toxins from the blood.
  • In addition, yellow food can make people concentrate, so it is recommended to drink a cup of chamomile tea in the night when the spirit is sluggish to make the mind re-enter the state.
  • Red food
  • helps reduce fatigue and has a cold-repellent effect, which can make you feel refreshed and boost your self-confidence and willpower, which fills a person with strength.
  • The most typical advantage of red fruits and vegetables is that they are all foods rich in natural iron. For example, cherries and jujubes that we often eat are natural medicines for patients with anemia.
  • Orange Foods
  • The most common orange pigment carotene is a powerful antioxidant and has anti-aging properties . Since orange is near the red end of the spectrum, orange foods are also uplifting. People with depression can try these foods.

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