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Depression, anxiety, schizophrenia... Will long-term use of psychotropic drugs become stupid?

Time:2022-11-27 23:40:56 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Depression Read:960次
Depression, anxiety, schizophrenia... Will long-term use of psychotropic drugs become stupid?

"I suffered from schizophrenia at the age of 22. I have been taking medication since 2011. My condition is still under control, but I can't work. Now I take risperidone and Antan every day, and I feel that my head is more stupid after taking the medicine than when I didn't take the medicine. Some of the books that I could understand before are not understandable after taking medicine, and become very forgetful, does taking antipsychotic drugs make people stupid?" This is a concern of many mentally ill patients and their families. It seems that the side effects of antipsychotic drugs are very large. After long-term use, they affect the brain and make people stupid. Therefore, many people are reluctant to accept the maintenance treatment of drugs. So will taking antipsychotics for a long time make people stupid? Should I still take medicine? Does taking antipsychotics for a long time make people stupid? We often say "drugs are poisonous," and of course, antipsychotics are no exception. Let us first understand some of the possible side effects of antipsychotic drugs, such as: dry mouth, constipation, weight gain, drowsiness, fatigue, drowsiness, unresponsiveness, inability to concentrate, rapid heartbeat and other adverse reactions. Many mental patients will have some adverse reactions after taking the drug, because most antipsychotic drugs (such as sulpiride, a drug for the treatment of schizophrenia) have sedative and hypnotic effects, which can reduce the patient's overall external environment stimulation response, which is conducive to control Suicidal violence in patients (eg, depression, mania) is beneficial for treatment. Some patients have symptoms such as inattention, drowsiness, slow movement, and unresponsiveness after taking the drug. Does taking psychoactive drugs really make people stupid? When many family members see these symptoms, they think that the patient is stupid because of taking medicine. In fact, it is only the adverse reaction of some typical antipsychotic drugs and will not lead to the deterioration of brain function. And these adverse reactions are reversible, and it will gradually recover as the drug is discontinued. If more serious side effects occur, timely reduction, withdrawal or addition of antidrugs can make the symptoms lessen or disappear quickly. If the brain is really damaged by taking psychotropic drugs, the above methods will not reduce or disappear the symptoms at all. In addition, there are many reasons for mental retardation and memory loss in mentally ill patients, which may also be symptoms of the disease itself, not necessarily caused by drugs. Do you want to continue taking the medicine? Many times when we see the adverse reactions described in the instructions of psychotropic drugs, we will be apprehensive and discouraged. In fact, the instructions list all possible side effects, but the probability of many side effects is extremely low, and not every patient will have these side effects. If the medication cannot be maintained well and the condition is not controlled, the disease itself will also have a negative impact on the cognitive function of the patient, which is likely to cause damage to the brain function and make the brain stupid, thereby affecting the patient's learning. work and life. Taking antipsychotic drugs can effectively control the onset of the disease and prevent the damage to cognitive function to a certain extent. In the treatment of schizophrenia, drug therapy plays a key role. And the current treatment concept is generally to carry out individualized treatment according to the specific situation of the patient, to avoid the adverse reactions of the drug as much as possible while pursuing the good effect of drug treatment, and to help the recovery of the patient's social function. (These side effects rarely occur with newer antipsychotics.) Many patients stop taking the drug for fear of side effects, which often leads to relapse or aggravation of the disease. If you are currently using some psychotropic drugs, the efficacy is not very satisfactory, or the adverse reactions are relatively large, it is not wise to stop the drug, and the correct method at this time is to consider switching to other drugs.

(责任编辑:Anxiety disorder)

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