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The classification and function of vitamins are all here! Don't be stupid anymore

Time:2023-02-06 07:36:16 author:Emergency treatment Read:453次
The classification and function of vitamins are all here! Don't be stupid anymore

#healthy大年# Although vitamins are not part of human cells, do not produce energy, and need to be obtained from food, they participate in the process of cell growth, metabolism and development, participate in various enzymatic reactions, and promote the transmission of neurotransmitters , is a substance that the human body cannot lack, and once it is lacking, it will produce a corresponding vitamin deficiency. The vitamin family is huge, so what are the vitamins? What role does it play in human cell metabolism? Vitamin A: It is related to vision, and can maintain the normal function of mucous membranes, and the skin is smooth and delicate. Helping human body grow and repair tissues, it is very important for eye care, lack of it will cause night blindness, dry and itchy skin. Main food sources: carrots, green leafy vegetables, egg yolks and liver. Vitamin B1: Promotes carbohydrate metabolism, maintains nervous system health, stabilizes appetite, stimulates growth and maintains good muscle condition. Lack of it will cause depression, gastrointestinal discomfort, numbness of hands and feet, and beriberi. Main food sources: coarse grains, beans, peanuts, lean meat, animal offal and yeast, etc. Vitamin B2: Also known as riboflavin, it participates in a wide range of metabolic processes in the body, maintains eye vision, prevents cataracts, and maintains the health of oral and digestive tract mucosa. Promote the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, and help to form antibodies and red blood cells to maintain cellular respiration. When it is deficient, there will be anger, angular stomatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, etc. In severe cases, it may also cause symptoms such as conjunctivitis, blepharitis, corneal vascular hyperplasia, and photophobia. Main food sources: egg yolk, river crab, eel, seaweed, green leafy vegetables, etc. Vitamin B6: Regulates the central nervous system and maintains healthy skin. It is involved in the synthesis of antibodies, the production of gastric acid in the digestive system, the utilization of fat and protein, and the maintenance of sodium and potassium balance. Generally lack of appetite, low food utilization, weightlessness, vomiting, diarrhea and so on. Severe deficiency can cause acne, anemia, cramps, headache, hair loss and other symptoms. Main food sources: lean meat, nuts, brown rice, green leafy vegetables, bananas, etc. The role of vitamin B12: participate in the production of red blood cells, prevent nerve damage, etc. It contains almost no vitamins found in plant foods and is the most vulnerable vitamin for vegetarians. Deficiency of it can cause burnout, depression, memory loss, and, if severe, pernicious anemia. Main food sources: Liver fish milk, etc. The human body requires very little vitamin B12, as long as the diet is normal, it will not be deficient. Vitamin K: Involved in blood clotting, helps repair bone growth. Deficiency of vitamin K can prolong clotting time and cause bleeding disorders. Main food sources: broccoli, egg yolk, liver, etc. Vitamin C: a vitamin that the human body needs the most, it has the effect of preventing scurvy, so it is also called ascorbic acid. Its main function is to protect, regulate and promote the catalysis of the enzyme system, and it is also a strong oxidant, which can prevent peroxidation in the body and has a protective effect on the cardiovascular system. In addition, it assists in the absorption of iron and calcium in the body. Lack of vitamin C can cause bleeding gums, slow wound healing, subcutaneous bleeding, and indigestion. Main food sources: all kinds of fresh fruits and vegetables, such as tomatoes, lemons, kiwi, potatoes, cauliflower, etc. Vitamin D: Participate in bone growth and development, supplement calcium for adults, and prevent osteoporosis. Lack of vitamin D can cause rickets in children, loss of appetite, and osteoporosis in the elderly. Main food sources: cod liver oil, dairy products, eggs. Vitamin E: Also known as tocopherol, it is anti-oxidant, prevents aging, improves anti-infection ability, and helps lower blood pressure. Lack of it will cause red blood cell destruction, nerve damage, chapped hands and feet, infertility, and uterine dysfunction. Mainly from vegetable oil, green vegetables, meat, eggs, milk, liver, nuts, etc. Today's vitamin family is explained here, have you learned it?

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