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Emotional ups and downs, sometimes sad and happy, be wary of suffering from bipolar disorder

Time:2022-12-03 06:36:24 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Public activities Read:237次
Emotional ups and downs, sometimes sad and happy, be wary of suffering from bipolar disorder

With the continuous progress and development of society, people have become more and more aware of and pay more attention to mental and psychological diseases such as depression and anxiety, but little is known about "bipolar disorder". Bipolar disorder is easily diagnosed clinically as other disorders such as unipolar depression, anxiety disorder, or schizophrenia, which seriously affects the patient's daily life and social functioning. What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder (BD), also known as bipolar disorder, is a common mental disorder characterized by both manic or hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes (typical features), first seen in any age. During a manic episode: the patient has high emotions, increased verbal activity, and high energy. During a depressive episode: patients often show depression, loss of pleasure, decreased verbal activity, fatigue and sluggishness. The clinical manifestations of patients are complex, and the complexity is reflected in the repeated, alternate, and irregular depression or high mood, accompanied by disordered symptoms such as distraction, rashness, exaggeration, rushing thinking, decreased sleep, and increased speech. Anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, substance abuse, and psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations, delusions, or catatonic symptoms are also common. Cognitive impairment, poor memory, decreased abstract thinking, learning difficulties, and decreased eye-hand coordination and thinking flexibility may also occur. Experts remind that if the above symptoms occur, the depressive manifestations last for more than two weeks, the manic manifestations last for more than one week, and the manifestations of depression and mania are present most of the time every day, life and social functions are significantly affected, feel pain or give others If you cause trouble, you must go to the psychiatric department of the hospital in time. How to treat bipolar affective disorder? The treatment of bipolar affective disorder is mainly based on the comprehensive treatment of drugs and psychology. Doctors formulate individualized treatment plans according to the patient's condition to reduce the frequency of attacks and improve their function and quality of life. Drug treatment: Doctors follow the principles of safety, joint participation, comprehensive treatment, and combined medication, and give patients mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, antidepressants and other drug treatments, and cover the entire course of the disease according to the acute phase, consolidation phase, and maintenance phase. Psychotherapy: During the whole course of manic-depressive disorder, patients will have various psychological problems, so psychological treatment is an important measure throughout the course of the disease. According to the patient's condition, we provide psychoeducational intervention, cognitive behavioral therapy, family therapy, interpersonal and social harmony therapy and other programs to provide patients with psychological support and counseling in an all-round and full cycle. Family care: patients with bipolar disorder need understanding and tolerance from their families. In daily life, when the patient's condition is unstable, family members should do a good job of psychological counseling, and pay attention to preventing the patient from self-injury, suicide or impulsive injury. When the condition is stable, encourage and support the patient to engage in labor or exercise to the best of his ability, participate in social activities and interpersonal communication appropriately, and restore the normal life of the previous law.

(责任编辑:Prevent anxiety)

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