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Depression ≠ depression, what is depression?

Time:2023-04-01 10:45:55 author:Prevent anxiety Read:423次
Depression ≠ depression, what is depression?

Depression is an "emotional" state. It represents a person in a bad mood. In theory, "depression" is a subjective manifestation. If you think you're in a bad mood, you're in a bad mood; if you don't, you're not. There is no objective measure, and no condition that necessarily causes depression. For example: "Bankruptcy" is a sad thing. When many people go bankrupt, they feel a serious depression, which is depression. However, some people have been struggling for a long time, hoping that the operating conditions will turn around a little bit, but it lasts for several years, every year is sad, every day is running at 3:30, the life is miserable, and in the end, there is really no way to do it. , had to let the company bounce and declare bankruptcy. At this time, the party involved felt a sense of comfort. "Oh, it's time to come." Many people will say this. The result is: the mood is much brighter. Thus, depression is not inevitable. Anything can cause depression, but it doesn't necessarily cause depression. Therefore, the two characteristics of depression are "subjectivity" and "relativity". But if we further observe these "let go" bankrupts, we will find that some people really let go, and they have nothing to worry about; thing. Coupled with the "hard-working old woman" and "hard-working heroine" mentioned in the previous article, you will find that the depression seen on the appearance may be very different from the actual depression. This is the third trait of depression—“inconsistency.” But the characteristics of depression are not limited to these three, and there is another "sporadic" that must be added. What this incidental refers to is that depression may not have a cause. Many times, a person is depressed when he says depression, and there is no reason for it. Although psychologists can deduce its reasons through various analytical methods, such as "psychodynamic theory", "learning theory", etc., these are post-event inferences and there is no way to prove it. Combining the above points, depression is a phenomenon of low mood, which is purely "subjective". Although we can infer the existence of depression through some "objective signs" of depression (discussed later), depression The essence is subjective. Second, depression is "relative". People who encounter the same event, some people will be depressed, some will not; even if it is the same person, facing the event at different times, there will be great differences. For example, when we study the impact of parental divorce on children, we find that young people, such as babies who are only three months old, are less vulnerable; older people, such as adults who have their own marriages and careers , and less susceptible to influence—the next generation, between children and adolescents, is most affected. In addition, depending on the environment an individual is in, their susceptibility to depression will also be different. For example, many people are scolded in the company, but they don't feel it, because they must keep a strong side for others to see; until he returns home , Only after relaxing, did I start to feel sad. So depression is highly relative—it varies from person to person, from time to time, from place to place. Third, depression is "inconsistent." Although depression is subjective, his physical, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral manifestations may vary greatly. Just like the hard-working heroine who is looking for life and death, although she cried, cut her wrists to commit suicide, etc., but she is mentally depressed, I am afraid it is better to silently support his friend in the back; Chai's old lady, she didn't know she was depressed at all, but her physical symptoms, such as "insomnia", "chest tightness", etc., all showed typical depression physiological phenomena. If we continue to analyze the "inconsistency" of the influence of depression on mental state, we will find that the mental functions of depression on human beings include: "cognition", "emotion", "thought", "language", "perception", "behavior" , "drive" and "sense of disease awareness", etc., the degree of influence is often inconsistent. In fact, it is this "inconsistency" that is used professionally to judge the intensity and nature of depression. If depression is consistent, it is much more difficult to judge. Fourth, depression is "sporadic." This means: Even if everything is fine, depression can still come to you. In other words, no one can stay in a state of non-depression forever (and if so, we fear it is pathological). This is of great significance in the treatment of depression. Many people with depression often feel very depressed – after years of treatment themselves, they are still depressed all day long. But they didn't notice that: in the past, it may have been major depression once a year, or nine out of ten days in depression; after treatment, major depression occurred only once in five years, or four out of ten days in depression. . This is progress. Never have an illusion in your heart: Depression will get better. If you take "no depression at all" as an indicator of recovery from your illness, sorry: your wish will never come true. Because unless you die, as long as you're human, you're bound to have periods of depression. If someone says he will never be depressed, then we will worry about whether he is having a manic episode. The original text is from Professor Rong Xinqi's Hypnotic Psychology Studio. If you need to reprint, please obtain permission and indicate the source. If you have any questions, you can click on the avatar to send a private message.

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