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Schizophrenia or depression, which one is more harmful to people?

Time:2022-12-03 03:08:03 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Mental disorder Read:112次
Schizophrenia or depression, which one is more harmful to people?

When it comes to mental illness, the first reaction in most people's minds is to act crazy, hurt others, talk to oneself... This is indeed a typical manifestation of mental illness, but it is more accurate to divide these All are typical symptoms of schizophrenia. But in fact, in addition to schizophrenia, common depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder, social phobia, etc. are also classified as mental diseases. Today, at the request of fans and friends, we will analyze in detail the difference and connection between depression and schizophrenia.

In terms of etiology:

For mental disorders such as depression, schizophrenia, and anxiety, the specific etiology of the disease has been It is still unclear, but the more recognized ones are related to genetic factors (genes that carry mental illness), biochemical factors (the mother is infected with the virus during pregnancy), personality traits, upbringing, environment, etc. And most of them are the result of a combination of factors!

On cognitive impairment:

The introduction to cognitive function on Wikipedia is that the human brain processes, stores and retrieves information. Ability, that is, people's ability to grasp the structure of things, the relationship between performance and other things, the driving force of development, the direction of development, and the basic laws. Including people's normal completion of perception, thinking, attention, intelligence, self-knowledge. Schizophrenia and depression both have a certain degree of cognitive damage to the human brain, and the more severe the condition, the more difficult the damage to cognitive function, the more difficult it is to recover, and even cause irreversible damage. After testing the brains of patients with depression and schizophrenia, relevant experts found that schizophrenia will cause more severe cognitive damage to patients, and the damage is mainly reflected in the aspects of immediate memory, delayed memory and visual breadth. three aspects!

Suicide risk assessment:

Depression and schizophrenia are both disorders that are associated with a higher risk of suicide. The difference is that the suicide of depressed patients is mainly affected by negative emotions. The heart and body suffer double torment, and they want to get rid of it by suicide. The suicide of schizophrenic patients is mainly dominated by delusions and hallucinations, and they cannot distinguish between fantasy and real life, so they will make such impulsive behaviors. According to relevant data, more than half of people with depression have had suicidal thoughts, and eventually 10%-15% of people will die of suicide, and about 5% of people with schizophrenia Died by suicide. I believe everyone can notice this in news reports. It should be noted that although the risk of suicide in patients with schizophrenia is relatively low, the risk of injury is relatively high, so the state will pay more attention to the management of schizophrenia!

Analysis from the perspective of treatment costs:

Combined with the relevant data released by the 7th National Academic Annual Conference of the Chinese Medical Association Psychiatry Branch From the overall analysis, it can be seen that the cost of patients with schizophrenia is significantly higher than that of patients with depression. But the good news is that schizophrenia is classified as a chronic disease in my country, which can be reimbursed in outpatient clinics, which relieves the economic pressure! Depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia are mental diseases that are more common in psychiatry and have a greater impact on people. In the early stage of the disease, they are mainly manifested in somatic symptoms, which are easy to be ignored. When the symptoms are very obvious, Often to a more serious level. Therefore, everyone can use the scale for self-assessment at ordinary times, and privately message me to receive a professional scale assessment!

(责任编辑:Emergency treatment)

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