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Do we really understand phobias?

Time:2022-11-27 23:05:38 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Relax Read:939次
Do we really understand phobias?

Phobia is a neurosis with phobic symptoms as the main clinical manifestation. Patients have strong and unnecessary fear of certain objects or situations, and are accompanied by obvious anxiety and autonomic symptoms, and take the initiative to avoid this anxiety. The disease is most common in the young and old, and is more common in women. The prevalence rate in the general population reported abroad was 6‰ (1983), and the average prevalence in my country was 0.59‰ (1982). But in 1969 Agras's study reported a prevalence rate of 77‰. The core symptoms of phobias are fear and tension, and the fear causes severe anxiety and even panic levels. The manifestations consistent with neurological symptoms must meet the following 4 items: (1) a strong fear of certain objects or situations, and the degree of fear is not commensurate with the actual danger; (2) anxiety and autonomic symptoms during seizures; (3) Repeated or persistent avoidance behavior; The etiology of phobias has personality factors, such as the patient's personality is more introverted, timid, shy, highly dependent, or highly introverted. Patients with this type of personality are generally fragile at heart, unable to face the multiple changes in the social environment, and unable to face or solve problems alone after encountering problems, and often choose to escape. Over time, fear develops, and as time goes on, fear becomes more and more fearful. Therefore, there is no need for the patient's family to accuse the patient of being timid. There is also a social factor, such as a major change in life, such as a car accident, an attack on a limb, being frightened by a horrible thing, or the shadow of childhood. Psychodynamics believe that terror is the result of the symbolic and displacement effects of repressed subconscious conflict.

(责任编辑:Prevent anxiety)

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