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What is macular degeneration? Middle-aged and elderly people should pay attention to these 3 points to prevent

Time:2023-02-01 23:45:36 author:Public activities Read:963次
What is macular degeneration? Middle-aged and elderly people should pay attention to these 3 points to prevent

The eye is an important part of the body. It is like a spherical structure with tissues responsible for receiving and processing light signals. The macula is the most important part of it. The macula can sense light cells. Allows visual function to function normally, but if you use your eyes for a long time or injure your eyes carelessly, you will damage the macula and cause macular degeneration. Macular degeneration refers to the hardening of blood vessels in the macula of the eye, edema and hemorrhage leading to decreased vision, or even loss of vision. Let’s learn about macular degeneration together. Why does macular degeneration occur? Macular degeneration is divided into age-related macular degeneration, hereditary macular degeneration and inflammatory macular degeneration. Age-related macular degeneration refers to the gradual decline of retinal function and macular function as the age increases, and even the appearance of lesions. Hereditary disease refers to the possibility of hereditary macular degeneration, which is more prone to macular degeneration than normal people. Inflammatory macular degeneration is an inflammation of the inside of the eye. Without effective treatment, the macular function is damaged, resulting in macular degeneration. Once macular degeneration cannot be cured, the main purpose of treatment is to control the disease and maintain vision. However, if the disease is discovered late, the effect of maintaining vision after treatment will be poor. How can macular degeneration be prevented? 1. Do not stare at strong light sources such as lasers and the sun for a long time, which will stimulate the eyes and cause macular burns and cause macular degeneration to cause vision loss. Wear sunglasses or professional glasses when you go out every day or when you need to do laser work to avoid exposing your eyes to the sun for a long time. 2. Control chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and other chronic diseases. If they are not controlled and stabilized, they will easily lead to retinopathy, abnormal capillary circulation, resulting in macular cystic edema and macular degeneration. Therefore, it is necessary to actively treat chronic diseases, control indicators, and regularly check the eyes. Once abnormal eyes are found, treatment measures should be taken in time. 3. Pay attention to the diet and eat more foods that are beneficial to the eyes, such as corn, carrots, etc. These foods contain vitamin A and lutein, which can protect the retina and reduce the chance of macular degeneration. In addition, nicotine can damage blood vessels and cause macular ischemia and hypoxia, so quit smoking. Kindly remind that macular degeneration is one of the common factors leading to blindness, so high-risk groups should be vigilant. Especially those who are 50 years old, should pay attention to regular inspections every year, which is conducive to the detection of macular degeneration. Once found, take timely measures to maintain vision. Ocular inflammatory diseases, such as conjunctivitis and keratitis, can also lead to inflammatory macular degeneration, which also affects vision, and should be actively cooperated with treatment to avoid deterioration. Family doctor's online feature, may not be reproduced without authorization


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