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Is your child anxious? Parents must be wary of 'signals' of teenage anxiety

Time:2023-02-01 22:35:22 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Mental disorder Read:993次
Is your child anxious? Parents must be wary of 'signals' of teenage anxiety

Adolescent anxiety disorder is a high incidence and serious psychological disease. In general, anxiety disorders are difficult to heal on their own, and in the absence of intervention, it often lasts a lifetime, resulting in a significantly reduced sense of well-being in life. To make matters worse, the persistent psychological stress caused by excessive anxiety can make people more prone to other psychological problems, such as depression.

Adolescent Anxiety Disorders Incidence

Contrary to adult impressions of adolescents being "carefree", anxiety disorders are Psychiatric disorders with higher prevalence among adolescents, regardless of country. The overall prevalence of anxiety disorders in adolescents is about 11%, which means that 11 out of 100 adolescents suffer from anxiety disorders. For adolescents who do not meet the diagnostic criteria for anxiety disorders, there are also many people who suffer from excessive anxiety, which seriously affects their academic ability, social ability and life well-being.

What does anxiety feel like?

Anxiety is a subjective experience due to anticipation of some negative events that one cannot cope with in the future, accompanied by physiological responses and changes in external behavior. In other words, anxiety is the fear of not being able to cope when faced with uncertainty. Such worrying emotions will urge us to cheer up, act, and find ways to solve the problem. The point of anxiety is that it allows us to survive dangerous and stressful situations. In the process of growing up, we are bound to face various problems, such as incompatibility with the new environment, pressure to go to school, social difficulties, job transfer, relationship conflicts, etc. It is normal to feel anxious when facing these problems. But if there is persistent and high-intensity anxiety, and there is no suitable way to relieve it, we will have problems physically and psychologically. Unlike adults, the identification of anxiety in children has always been difficult and easily overlooked. Many times children don't directly say "I'm anxious" or "I'm scared." Young children may not know how to express their emotions, or may not express them clearly. Older children, on the other hand, may be afraid to explain for fear that their parents will not understand. When children can't express their anxiety in words, they usually show it in some special form.

Signs of anxiety -

Parents should be alert when they find that their child has: If you feel unwell, parents may first take to the hospital to see a doctor. But there is often a situation that after taking it to the hospital for examination, the doctor says there is no problem. Some parents may think that everything is fine, but it is just uncomfortable; some parents may think that their children are exaggerating and lying, and they do not pay attention to what they say. Parents should pay attention if their children often experience uncomfortable feelings such as headache, dizziness, abdominal pain, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting, and fatigue. Because of this discomfort, it is likely to be caused by psychological factors. Pay attention to some of the things that have happened recently with your child. Because anxiety is usually accompanied by many physiological reactions, such as rapid heartbeat, rapid breathing, sweating, muscle tension, etc., in addition to subjective uneasy experiences. Long-term anxiety can cause physical discomfort. Especially for children with poor language skills, observing their body signals is an effective means. Emotional Signals When children feel stressed, they are likely to have the following emotional signals: Fear and fear Restlessness, moody The distinction may not yet be mature. So he probably just felt uncomfortable and stressed, but he didn't know exactly what the emotion was and what was the reason for it. So they may appear nervous and scared; they may lose their temper, quarrel with adults, or even violently throw things; or they may become sensitive and cry easily. Seeing a child's sudden emotional reaction, a parent who doesn't understand may show boredom or accuse the child of being ignorant. But in fact, at this time, it is more necessary for parents to be patient and pay attention to when and why their children have such emotions and behaviors. Taking the initiative to understand the reasons behind children's emotional changes can help parents truly understand their children's hearts and help children better solve anxiety problems. Behavioural signals Bedwetting, especially in children who have passed the bedwetting age In a clinical study of the link between bedwetting and anxiety in children aged 7 to 17, it was found that children who wetted the bed had anxiety disorders compared to a healthy group higher frequency. ●Refuse daily activities, such as going to school or other social activities. The child can go to school normally, but suddenly one day he is unwilling to go to school. As soon as he goes to school, he says his stomach hurts, but he is fine at home; or the interest class he liked suddenly suddenly I don't want to go. This is most likely a manifestation of the child's anxiety. ●Difficulty concentrating Nervousness and anxiety can distract children's attention. They may have difficulty concentrating on the things at hand, making some homework or housework difficult to complete. ●Ritual behaviors or specific repetitive behaviors such as arranging toys in a certain order before going to sleep, following a fixed order when eating, like repeatedly counting the number of grids on the road, etc. It is these seemingly repetitive and useless behaviors, once they are not done or done wrong (such as out of order, less or more times), the child will feel very anxious, and will likely repeat it over and over until he is satisfied. . ●Difficulty in eating or sleeping During a period of time, the child may have a good appetite or not want to eat at all; insomnia, sleepwalking, and nightmares may occur when sleeping. Therefore, when teenagers have the above characteristics, parents need to remind themselves to pay more attention, and it is best to let their children receive professional psychological evaluation earlier. If an anxiety disorder is assessed, the child should be treated before symptoms become very severe.

What problems should be paid attention to in adolescent anxiety disorder——

1. Pay attention to unavoidable problems: Many parents see their children with symptoms of anxiety disorder, and they usually choose Avoiding the problem, most parents will assume that the child can get through it on its own without the need for specialized treatment. This kind of thinking is very deadly, and anxiety disorders are likely to cause depression, which may eventually lead to self-harm and suicide in teenagers, so it must be taken seriously. Therefore, parents must not avoid this question. 2. Don't put too much pressure on the patient: After teenagers have anxiety disorders, many parents will often ask about the teenager's condition because of their worries, which will put too much pressure on the child and aggravate the anxiety symptoms. Therefore, you must pay attention to your words and deeds at ordinary times, and do not put too much pressure on the patient. 3. Do not rely entirely on drugs: Although anxiety disorders can be relieved by taking drugs, it is also important to be careful not to rely entirely on drugs, and comprehensive systemic treatment is very important.

(责任编辑:Depression)

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