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How scary is suicide? Such "confession" may be a signal for "help"

Time:2023-02-01 22:56:00 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Depression Read:861次
How scary is suicide? Such "confession" may be a signal for "help"

Suicide prevention remains a major challenge facing the world today. Globally, suicide is one of the 20 leading causes of death every year. More than 800,000 people die by suicide every year, which equates to one death every 40 seconds.

What are the psychological reasons for suicide?

01. Influence of mental illness The rate of suicide caused by some mental illnesses is increasing. 5 Mental Illnesses That Trigger People to Suicide, Did You Know? (1) Depression is definitely indispensable. Although not all patients with depression have suicidal thoughts, patients with severe depression believe that they do not deserve to live in the world, or that the world in front of them is too dangerous and must escape. They have a strong sense of worthlessness, meaninglessness and helplessness, and they also feel pessimistic about the future. Despair can lead to suicidal thoughts, and as the thoughts gradually become stronger, it is very easy to transform into suicide attempts and behaviors. (2) Patients with schizophrenia have disordered thinking, often can't think about it, and embark on the road of suicide. Their motives for suicide are very strange. Some people feel that they have nowhere to go and that life is boring, so they end their lives. (3) A large number of facts show that long-term insomnia can reduce people's sense of well-being, which can lead to mental anxiety and emotional instability, which greatly increases the risk of depression and leads to suicide. (4) Anxiety disorders can also cause people to commit suicide. They are nervous and worried about the future. After a long period of time, they have symptoms such as restlessness and rapid heartbeat, which affect their daily life and work. They are in great pain and embark on the road of suicide. (5) Obsessive-compulsive disorder may also trigger a person's suicide. The mental torture is severe, and the patient may feel very tired of living because of depression, and choose to commit suicide to escape. On the other hand, some people have not recovered for a long time, and their thoughts become extreme, and they want to end this painful state by destroying themselves. 2. Influence of family reasons Improper parenting and communication methods have a greater impact on children's suicide. For example, neglecting, over-severe, and over-protective parenting methods will weaken children's psychological endurance and may encounter setbacks. Take extreme actions. In addition, families with conflicting family relationships for a long time are likely to cause children to lack a sense of security, as well as lack of emotional warmth and care, resulting in children's depressed and lonely character, which is a risk factor for depression and suicide. 3. The influence of marital emotional problems Conflicts and losses in marital and love emotions can easily lead to strong ups and downs in emotions. Under the influence of emotions, it is difficult to think rationally, and even some extreme thinking occurs, such as I have no one to love, and I am destined to be abandoned etc., further triggering suicidal thoughts or behaviors. 4. The influence of work and study pressure Excessive work and study pressure will cause people to be in a state of stress for a long time. If there is no appropriate decompression method, it will eventually lead to mental and physical exhaustion, and various psychosomatic reactions will appear, making people overwhelmed. , a high risk factor for suicide. 5. Interpersonal troubles Good interpersonal relationships are an important part of maintaining psychological balance. It creates the environment we live in and affects our view of ourselves. Problems in interpersonal relationships can lead to self-doubt and isolation; at the same time, lack of family and friends A channel of support and emotional catharsis can easily aggravate feelings of loneliness and isolation. 6. Influence of Economic Reasons Severe debt burden is also a common factor for suicide. Whether it is family reasons, marital and emotional problems, work and study pressure, interpersonal relationships, economic reasons, etc., suicides all reflect the parties' weak sense of life and weak resistance to frustration. Although they choose to commit suicide for reasons such as emotional, financial, and suffering from illness, but in the final analysis, it is a psychological problem, because they do not have a good psychological state to deal with the problems they encounter, and they express their emotions in extreme ways when they encounter setbacks. solving issues. For the suicidal person himself, he needs to realize that he has encountered a problem beyond his ability to solve. He must seek professional help as soon as possible for treatment, and at the same time inform his family or friends of his suicidal thoughts and feelings.

Such a "confidence" may be a signal of "calling for help"

Almost all suicide victims experience conflict and pain before committing suicide And send out various "help" signals to people, that is, danger signals, about 80% of people who died by suicide have expressed suicidal thoughts to others. So, what are the "SOS" signals? 1. Verbal expressions: such as "It's too painful to live, it's a burden to my family, I don't want to persevere any longer"; "My problem can't be solved, no one can help me, everyone will be better without me" and so on. Or talk about suicide, joke about suicide, and talk about suicide plans, including how, date, and place. 2. Emotional expression: such as hopelessness, anxiety, depression, and a sense of loss of control are risk factors for suicide; anger, guilt, loneliness, sadness, and helplessness are also common emotional experiences. 3. Behavioral manifestations: distributing belongings, saying goodbye, giving away precious things, alienating family and friends, alcohol and drug abuse, extreme and reckless impulses, sudden calm after severe depression, etc. 4. Physiological changes: lack of interest, appetite, libido, poor physical health, sleep problems, etc. A considerable number of people who commit suicide are mentally ill. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the awareness of mental health, and to conduct physical examinations on their own mental health from time to time. Once problems are found, psychological intervention should be carried out in time. According to different situations, through psychological counseling, cognitive therapy, crisis intervention, drug therapy, physical instrument therapy and other treatment methods, we can help people cope with crises and resolve crises, so as to have a healthy mind. At the same time, friends and family members should not be afraid to talk to each other about suicide. They can ask his/her thoughts and feelings, maintain an attitude of active caring and active listening, and encourage the suicidal person to talk about negative emotions and problems directly related to the suicide attempt. In addition, friends and family members continue to give attention and support. Even if the immediate danger of suicide is lifted, you must maintain close contact with each other. People who are depressed or feel lonely will not ask for help, so you need to be there for him/her. , make more phone calls or visit the other party, follow up the other party's situation regularly to see how he/she is doing.

(责任编辑:Anxiety disorder)

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