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How should family members deal with schizophrenia with a high relapse rate?

Time:2023-02-01 23:10:26 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Leisure vacation Read:906次
How should family members deal with schizophrenia with a high relapse rate?

Among many mental illnesses, schizophrenia is one of the more serious ones, which is not only difficult to treat but also easy to relapse. If the treatment is not good, or after the disease is under control, the family care is not in place, the failure to adhere to the medication, the adjustment of the mentality and the external stimulation will cause the recurrence of schizophrenia. Therefore, it is very important to effectively prevent the recurrence of schizophrenia. So, in the face of schizophrenia with a very high relapse rate, how should family members deal with it?

Understanding schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a group of mental illnesses of unknown etiology, mostly in young adults with a slow or subacute onset, and often manifested clinically as symptoms Various syndromes involving disturbances in perception, thinking, emotion, and behavior, as well as incoordination of mental activities. The patients are generally conscious and their intelligence is basically normal, but some patients may experience cognitive impairment in the course of the disease.

What are the causes of schizophrenia relapse

Patient factors Patients fail to take their medicines as prescribed, poor compliance with treatment, such as patient skepticism of antipsychotics, Does not admit to being ill or afraid of drug side effects. In fact, a large number of clinical research data show that insisting on taking antipsychotic drugs is the main measure to prevent the recurrence of schizophrenia. Family factors In clinical work, some family members are often afraid that long-term use of antipsychotic drugs will damage the patient's brain and make the patient stupid." Therefore, they do not listen to the doctor's repeated persuasion, and reduce or stop the drug prematurely, causing the patient to suffer from schizophrenia. Relapse. Physician Factors Physicians fail to recognize indications for antipsychotics to prevent relapse, recommend maintenance therapy for too short a time, or use high doses of antipsychotics that cause unpleasant side effects. Most importantly , doctors rarely teach schizophrenia patients and their families about the need for antipsychotics to prevent relapse.

How to avoid Recurrence of schizophrenia?

1. Identify the early symptoms of relapse when there are signs of mood changes, insomnia, unresponsiveness, daze, sluggishness, etc., or the original psychiatric symptoms reappear, and they were able to take the drug on their own initiative, but now suddenly Denial of illness, refusal to take medicine, etc., should seek feedback from the doctor in time to avoid recurrence or reduce the severity of recurrence. 2. Adhere to taking drugs in a sufficient amount and a full course of treatment A large number of clinical statistics show that most schizophrenia recurrence and spontaneous It is related to drug reduction and withdrawal. The recurrence rate of patients who adhere to the maintenance dose is 20%; the recurrence rate of those who do not adhere to the maintenance dose is as high as 80%. Therefore, patients and their families should attach great importance to maintenance therapy. 3. Reduce the triggering factors, family members and People around should fully recognize the weakness of mental state of schizophrenia patients after illness, help arrange daily life/work/study. Talk to patients often, help patients to treat disease correctly, treat real life correctly, improve psychological endurance, learn To deal with stressful events, encourage patients to increase their confidence, guide patients to live a fulfilling life, and enable patients to live in an environment free of psychological pressure and mental distress. Understand the condition, so that the patient is often under the medical supervision of a psychiatrist, and adjust the dosage in time according to the change of the condition. Through the review, the patient can also receive timely consultation and psychological treatment to relieve the patient's various confusions in life, work and drug treatment , This also plays an important role in preventing the recurrence of schizophrenia. Family members should try more to support them. Sometimes patients may become depressed and depressed, and family members can try to understand and support him and help him build self-confidence . This may be a tiring and time-consuming job, but it is valuable because it is impossible. Remember, sometimes your little support is a big help for them.

(责任编辑:Mental disorder)

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