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What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Time:2022-12-08 05:55:38 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Prevent anxiety Read:249次
What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a stress disorder caused by unusual threats or catastrophic events. Such incidents usually include wars, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, massacres, physical abuse, abductions, rapes, and serious traffic accidents, but whether it is natural disasters, man-made social disasters or criminal incidents, it is possible trigger PTSD. In addition, PTSD stressors are also generated during witnessing or rescuing the event. PTSD is a fairly complex mental disorder. Its occurrence is related to the individual's genetic characteristics, physical quality, life experience, personality composition, mentality, the maturity of the individual's physical and mental development at the time of the event, the social support system before and after the trauma, and the tension of the event. Degree and severity are closely related. It will have long-term ingrained and damaging effects on an individual's social functioning, family life, and physical and mental health. 1. Repeated experience of physical and psychological reactions caused by traumatic events The memory of trauma is not controlled by the will and often appears in daily life, bringing intense painful experience to the client. Specific manifestations include: intrusive thinking; involuntary recall of the traumatic event; recurring nightmares and unpleasant dreams related to the trauma content; recurring delusions and hallucinations; Facing a situation similar or related to a stimulus and feel extremely distressed, and have obvious physiological reactions, such as palpitations, sweating, etc. 2. Vigilance behavior Hypervigilance is a symptom of physical and emotional memory traces. These memory traces make the brain overly sensitive to the sensations associated with the threat, which triggers and re-triggers the alertness response. The main manifestations are: inability to concentrate, insomnia or easy to wake up; anger or irritability; excessive vigilance or excessive fear.

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