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Long-term mental stress, excessive mental stress, will lead to autonomic disorders?

Time:2023-02-01 23:59:31 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Public activities Read:611次
Long-term mental stress, excessive mental stress, will lead to autonomic disorders?

In the current era of masks, many people will suffer from life pressure and work pressure due to various factors. When a person is in an environment of depression and anxiety for a long time, it is easy to have some uncomfortable problems, such as dizziness, insomnia, loss of appetite, abdominal distension and diarrhea. But there is a disease with various symptoms. After the patient feels uncomfortable, there is no organic problem when they go to the hospital for examination. Today, there is a disease popularized by science - [Autonomic Nervous Disorder] After seeing the name of this autonomic nervous disorder, many people may think of the nervous system problem in the plant. In fact, it is not the case. The autonomic nerve is all over the human body. Nervous system, the autonomic nervous system (VNS) is the efferent nerve in the visceral nerve fibers, also known as the autonomic nerve; the autonomic nervous system controls the vital physiological functions: such as heart beat, respiration, digestion, blood pressure, metabolism, etc.

Classification of autonomic nerves

Sympathetic nerves are an important part of the autonomic nervous system. The emitted nerve fibers go to the sympathetic ganglia, which in turn distribute to the viscera, cardiovascular and glands. The main function of the sympathetic nerve is to dilate the pupils, increase the heart rate, constrict the blood vessels of the skin and internal organs, dilate the coronary arteries, increase the blood pressure, dilate the small bronchi, weaken the gastrointestinal motility, relax the bladder wall muscles, reduce the secretion of saliva, the sweat glands secrete sweat, and the pili muscles shrink, etc. When the body is in a state of tension, sympathetic nerve activity plays a major role. The role of parasympathetic nervous system is opposite to that of sympathetic nervous system. Although it is not as consistent as the sympathetic nervous system, it is also quite related. Its fibers are not distributed in the limbs, but the adrenal glands, thyroid gland, uterus, etc. have parasympathetic nerve distribution. The parasympathetic nervous system mainly maintains the physiological needs of rest, and most of them play the role of recuperation. Its role has three aspects: 1. The pupil is reduced to reduce stimulation, promote the generation of liver glycogen, and save energy. ② cause slow heartbeat, blood pressure, bronchoconstriction, in order to save unnecessary consumption. ③Increase the secretion of digestive glands, enhance the activity of the gastrointestinal tract, promote the excretion of urine and feces, and maintain the energy of the body. Assist reproductive activities, such as dilation of reproductive blood vessels, bladder contraction and other reactions, increased secretion of sexual organs. [2] Nervous system Enteric nervous system Compared with the sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves, the enteric nervous system is less regulated by the central nervous system and is relatively independent. Sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves generally act in opposition to each other (exception: salivation).

What are the symptoms of autonomic dysfunction?

1. Cardiovascular system, patients present with palpitation, chest tightness, shortness of breath, and sometimes chest pain. 2. In the endocrine system, menstrual disorders and amenorrhea may occur in female patients, and cardiac dysfunction may occur in male patients. 3. Some patients with urinary system will experience frequent urination and urgency. 4. There are also patients with gastrointestinal reactions, such as heartburn, nausea, unexplained abdominal pain or diarrhea, and some patients have long-term constipation. 5. Patients with the nervous system will experience dizziness, headache, dizziness, and some are accompanied by sleep disorders, so there are many symptoms of autonomic dysfunction.

How can autonomic dysfunction be prevented?

To prevent autonomic disorders, first of all, life must be regular, eating and sleeping must be regular, not overeating, must go to bed early and get up early, avoid staying up late, even if you are watching the computer and playing mobile phones, you should also pay attention to moderation , so as to prevent autonomic disorders. At the same time, you should adjust your emotions. Once you have troubles, don’t keep it in your heart. It’s best to vent it out in time. You can do self-coaching or talk to friends. This is also effective and avoids autonomic disorders. In addition, it is necessary to do some proper physical exercise, such as swimming, jogging, cycling, playing badminton, etc., not only to breathe fresh air, but also to regulate the autonomic nervous system through various activities. I hope that the majority of patients can recover as soon as possible and enjoy a better life. See you next time.

(责任编辑:Prevent anxiety)

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