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The children at home are obese, the parents are going crazy, the doctor teaches you to raise children scientifically, don’t spoil your children

Time:2023-04-01 13:20:23 author:Public activities Read:804次
The children at home are obese, the parents are going crazy, the doctor teaches you to raise children scientifically, don’t spoil your children

With the rapid development of the economy and the continuous improvement of people's living standards, the food is more and more diverse and nutritious, and the number of obese children is also increasing. According to research, the incidence of childhood obesity in my country has shown an increasing trend, with boys rising from 10.1% to 12.8%, and girls rising from 4.9% to 5.8%. Pediatric obesity is a disease that causes excessive accumulation of body fat and excess body weight in children in infancy, preschool and adolescence due to excessive appetite, lack of exercise, partial eclipse and other reasons. Obesity in children includes simple obesity and pathological obesity, and secondary ones are often caused by endocrine system diseases or tumors. In clinical practice, simple obesity is the most common. According to the degree of obesity, it can be divided into three types: mild, moderate and severe. The main manifestations are overweight, plump body, rich subcutaneous fat, cheeks, shoulders, breasts, and abdominal wall fat. The accumulation is obvious, and severe cases will manifest as asthma, excellent appetite, and dislike of activities. In addition, obese children tend to have slow reaction ability and poor memory. In terms of sexual development, children may have precocious puberty, and there are also male children with small penises and small testicles. So what are the dangers of having obesity?
  • Inconvenient activities will affect learning, life, and games;
  • There will be psychological barriers and will be easily laughed at;
  • Development problems, early height growth and bone age development, easy to grow not tall, precocious puberty;
  • Adult obesity, prone to high blood pressure, diabetes , coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, fatty liver, gallstones, cholecystitis and other diseases.
  • The clinical manifestation of childhood obesity is obesity, which can be diagnosed by the following two methods.
  • Visual inspection. Visual inspection can be very intuitive, very simple, and more accurate in diagnosing whether a child has obesity.
  • The method of children's height and weight, the height-overlapping weight method, is the most commonly used method in pediatrics and can be used for children before the age of 12. If the boy is 72 cm tall, the standard weight should be 9 kg, if the weight exceeds 10.8 kg, if the child weighs more than 20% of the normal weight, it is obese, and if the weight exceeds 13.5 kg, it is severely obese, exceeding 50%.
  • How can we prevent simple childhood obesity? 2 . Breastfeed whenever possible. Artificial feeding, unscientific weaning and incorrect early feeding methods may all lead to childhood obesity, and recent studies have found that children who are breastfed are less likely to develop obesity in the future, mainly due to the obese leptin gene caused by the obesity gene. The role of protein is the role of protein, mainly because breast milk contains leptin. If breastfeeding is continued, leptin is absorbed by the baby and can fix the brain's response to diet, making it less prone to overeating in adulthood. 3. Cultivate children's good living and eating habits from an early age, don't watch too much TV, be more active, and encourage children to be more active and play games, and pay attention to indoor activities; 4. Pay attention to the three periods of obesity, such as pregnancy In the later period, 0-3 months after birth, 3-4 years old and early puberty in girls, pay attention to the nutritional intake at this stage. What should parents do if their child is obese? The treatment of childhood obesity is mainly diet therapy and exercise therapy. Diet therapy is to cultivate children's correct eating habits, let children exercise as much as possible after meals, and control their diet at the same time, eat less desserts, drinks, and not too much dinner. , minerals and trace elements, etc.; exercise therapy is to let children exercise more, but the safety, feasibility, effectiveness, and acceptability of exercise should be considered, not casual exercise. In order to take better care of children and let them grow up healthily, in daily life, parents should pay attention to cultivating children's good eating habits and encourage and accompany their children to exercise together.

    (责任编辑:Mental disorder)

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