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Why are you prone to anemia during pregnancy? Besides folic acid, are you getting enough of these substances?

Time:2022-12-08 08:12:27 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Relax Read:475次
Why are you prone to anemia during pregnancy? Besides folic acid, are you getting enough of these substances?

When it comes to what to supplement during pregnancy, most people's first reaction must be "folic acid supplementation", because lack of folic acid during pregnancy will increase the risk of neural tube defects in the fetus, and increase the chances of anencephaly and spina bifida. But in fact, there is another type of substance that must be supplemented during pregnancy. Its importance is not lost to folic acid. Lack of it will produce anemia, which will easily lead to fetal hypoxia and increase the risk of fetal asphyxia and miscarriage.

And what are these substances?

The answer is: iron. Iron is an essential trace element for the human body, and it is also the most abundant trace element in the body. There are two main sources of iron: one source is food, and the second source is red blood cells: the destruction of red blood cells will release iron. Iron has many functions, not only participating in energy metabolism, but also in hematopoietic function, oxygen carrying and transportation, etc. What if the body is deficient in iron? Human iron deficiency will cause anemia First, iron deficiency may cause hemolytic anemia. Hemolytic anemia is an anemia that occurs due to the rate of red blood cell destruction > hematopoietic compensation capacity. The clinical manifestations of such patients are mostly acute poisoning, hematuria, acute renal failure, uremia and so on. At the same time, iron deficiency is more manifested as "iron deficiency anemia". Iron deficiency anemia is anemia caused by the lack of iron in the body that affects the synthesis of normal heme. This type of anemia will cause insufficient blood supply and oxygen supply to cells, tissues, and organs in the body, resulting in a series of related iron deficiency anemia. Performance. The common people with iron deficiency anemia are children, pregnant women, women of childbearing age, chronic diseases and digestive tract people. The common causes are physiological and pathological: physiological is due to increased iron demand or insufficient iron intake Pathological is due to malabsorption, chronic blood loss and other disease factors. Since some of the iron in the body of pregnant women is transferred to the fetus, their demand for iron is greater than that of ordinary people. In the third trimester, the mother will consume nearly 30mg of iron per month to "give" the baby. Iron deficiency during pregnancy is a common cause of maternal anemia. The probability of iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy will increase with the progress of gestational weeks. If it is not treated in time, it will have a great impact on both mother and baby.

To avoid iron deficiency anemia during pregnancy, mothers should be alert to three types of symptoms:

I. (Toe) nails are flat, thin, brittle, and even reverse nails, stomatitis, glossitis, etc. 2. Chronic anemia manifests as pale complexion, dizziness, fatigue, vertigo, tinnitus, palpitations and shortness of breath. 3. Other manifestations of mental retardation, dysphagia, pica, etc.

What should I do if I have iron deficiency anemia?

1. Oral iron supplements, whether it is mild, moderate anemia or severe or extremely severe anemia, should be supplemented by oral iron under the guidance of a doctor. Intravenous iron therapy. 2. Consciously eat iron-rich foods. After the early pregnancy reaction disappears and the diet returns to normal, pregnant women should eat more iron-rich foods, such as pork liver, lean meat, meat floss, black fungus, kelp, seaweed, lotus seeds, and soy products. , shrimp, etc., eat more fresh vegetables, eat some fruits in moderation after meals, try not to drink tea, the tannic acid in tea is not easy to absorb iron. [Tips] In addition to iron-rich foods, you should also pay attention to protein supplements during pregnancy. In addition, because folic acid is also involved in the synthesis of red blood cells, taking folic acid consistently can not only prevent neural tube defects in fetuses, but also prevent anemia caused by folic acid deficiency. [Reference][1] Gao Ling. Research on the current situation of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women and its related risk factors [J]. Modern Medicine and Health Research (Electronic Edition), 2022,6(3):118-120. [2] Wu Ling, Li Jiabi, Feng Yinzhong, Li Ling. Analysis of clinical features and risk factors of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women [J]. Modern Medicine and Health Research (Electronic Edition), 2022, 6(2): 112- 115.[3] Lv Jinrong.Trace element iron and human health[J].Trace element and health research,2006,23(3):63-64.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1005-5320.2006.03.029.Source| Written by Doctor Miaoshou (reprinting is prohibited without authorization) | Source of Maruko | Photo Network

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