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How should we deal with childrens' food allergies? Doctor: Three steps of treatment can allow children to return to normal life

Time:2022-12-03 12:55:43 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Relax Read:645次
How should we deal with childrens' food allergies? Doctor: Three steps of treatment can allow children to return to normal life

Allergy is a very common phenomenon in life, it is very common in children, especially in young children, the performance is more obvious. In recent years, more and more children are more likely to suffer from allergies than ever before, and many of them are very serious and even life-threatening, which has to be taken seriously. Food allergy is one of the common allergic diseases in children. Food allergy in children can cause skin, respiratory and other problems in children. Therefore, how to treat and improve children's food allergy has become a concern of parents. Here, let us follow Shen Zhenyu, Deputy Chief Physician of Pediatrics, First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, to learn about the prevention and treatment of food allergy in children. What is food allergy in children? Under normal circumstances, when foreign substances enter our body, there will be two results. One is to be recognized by the body as useful or harmless substances. These substances will eventually be absorbed, utilized or excreted by the human body, but are recognized as harmful substances. At this time, the body's immune system will immediately respond to expel or eliminate such substances. Allergies occur when this reaction is too strong and an attack on a harmless substance also occurs. Shen Zhenyu, deputy chief physician, said that there are basically two types of allergens that cause allergies. One is respiratory allergens, such as cat hair, dog hair, pollen, mites, etc., which are stimulated by the outside world through the respiratory tract; the other is food. Allergens such as milk, eggs, peanuts, fish, wheat, tree nuts, soy, fruit. This is the main and most common allergen, and 90% of allergies in children are caused by these allergens. The manifestations of food allergy in children There are three main categories of manifestations of food allergy in children: 1. Atopic dermatitis of the skin, manifested as itching, rash, rough skin, etc.; 2. Gastrointestinal symptoms, including vomiting, vomiting, flatulence, Diarrhea, constipation, etc., even severe gastrointestinal bleeding, from the mouth to the anus, the entire gastrointestinal tract can have problems; 3. Respiratory symptoms, such as cough, asthma, rhinitis, etc. Deputy Chief Physician Shen Zhenyu reminded that if the child has the above-mentioned skin, digestive tract, and respiratory symptoms repeatedly, it is necessary to consider whether it is caused by food allergies, and find out the source of food allergies for follow-up treatment. How to treat food allergies in children? The treatment of food allergy in children has three goals: the first is allergy relief, that is, trying to stop the allergic symptoms of children. For allergy treatment, we must first find out the allergens of food allergies, keep children away from such foods, then carry out anti-allergic treatment, and finally repair damaged target organs, such as eliminating eczema and diarrhea caused by allergies, and repairing the body’s barrier function. The second is to ensure the nutrition of children, because childhood is a period of rapid growth for children, and children's growth and development are naturally inseparable from the nutrition of food, so for the normal growth and development of children, it is necessary to ensure that children's gastrointestinal function is not allergic. impact is particularly important. The third is desensitization. Through desensitization treatment, children can normally tolerate foods that they are allergic to, so that children can return to normal eating and living habits, so as to better integrate into society and group life.

(责任编辑:Emergency treatment)

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