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What is a mental disorder

Time:2022-12-03 10:20:08 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Public activities Read:372次
What is a mental disorder

Mental disorders refer to disorders in which brain function activities are disordered under the influence of various biological, psychological, and social environmental factors, resulting in different degrees of impairment of mental activities such as cognition, emotion, will, and behavior. Its etiology is more complex and is the result of the joint participation of many factors. Common symptoms include sensory disturbances, thinking disturbances, attention disturbances, memory disturbances, and intellectual disturbances. In 2001, "Chinese Classification and Diagnostic Criteria for Mental Disorders, Third Edition" (CCMD-3) classified mental disorders into 10 categories: (1) organic mental disorders (2) psychoactive substances and non-addictive substances Caused mental disorders (3) schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders (4) mood disorders (affective mental disorders) (5) addiction, severe stress disorder and adjustment disorder, neurosis (6) psychological factors related physical disorders (7) Personality disorder, habit and impulse control disorder, psychosexual disorder (8) Mental retardation and childhood and adolescence mental development disorder (9) Childhood and adolescence hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, emotional disorder (10) Others Mental disorders and mental health conditions The etiology of mental disorders is complex and is the result of the participation of many factors, including biological, psychological, and social factors. Among them, biological factors are mainly genetic factors, neurodevelopmental abnormalities, and infectious factors. Social and psychological factors are mainly manifested as stressful life events, emotional state, parents' educational methods, social and economic status of class, culture, race, cultural and religious background, etc. According to statistics, the following two types of people are more likely to suffer from the disease: 1. Those with a family history of mental disorders are more likely to suffer from this disease. 2. Long-term stress or psychological stress increases the risk of this disease. 3. People with a family history of mental disorders are more likely to suffer from this disease.

(责任编辑:Depression)

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