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The number of tinnitus patients in my country has exceeded 100 million! Is tinnitus serious?

Time:2022-12-03 14:28:50 source:psychiatricethics.com author:Mental disorder Read:557次
The number of tinnitus patients in my country has exceeded 100 million! Is tinnitus serious?

Tinnitus is a symptom that many people have experienced, and the duration of each occurrence can be long or short. Short-term tinnitus symptoms often do not attract people's attention, but frequent or prolonged tinnitus can be annoying. It even has many adverse effects on the body. So why do people have tinnitus, and does this indicate something abnormal in the body? Next, let's follow Guo Shaolei, deputy chief physician of the Department of Neurosurgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, to understand what is going on with tinnitus. The number of tinnitus patients in my country is conservatively estimated to be 130 million. According to the introduction of Deputy Chief Physician Guo Shaolei, tinnitus in a broad sense means that patients hear various abnormal sounds that outsiders cannot hear; while tinnitus in a narrow sense refers to the subjective feeling that patients have abnormal sounds. But there is no corresponding sound source or electrical stimulation in the outside world. The incidence of tinnitus in the population is very high. According to epidemiological surveys, the incidence of adult tinnitus in Western countries is between 8.2% and 20%, with an average of about 12%. There may be about 50 million tinnitus patients in the United States, accounting for the majority of adults. 10-15%. If calculated at 10%, it is conservatively estimated that there are 130 million tinnitus patients in my country, and with the increase of age, especially the middle-aged and elderly people over 45 years old are more prone to tinnitus, and may reach a peak when they are 60-69 years old. What exactly causes tinnitus? Deputy Chief Physician Guo Shaolei said that there are many reasons that may lead to tinnitus, such as ear problems, including cerumen accumulation, middle ear infection, ear canal tumors, etc.; excessive fatigue, mental illness; or some central nervous system diseases , systemic diseases can induce tinnitus. In addition to disease factors that can lead to tinnitus, people are also prone to tinnitus under the influence of certain external environments, such as being in a relatively loud noise environment for a long time. Severe tinnitus may lead to suicidal tendencies. Tinnitus may have a large or small impact on the body, and each patient may have different expressions on tinnitus. Some people feel that it does not affect their lives, but some people feel very distressed because of it. . Therefore, clinically, according to the severity of tinnitus, patients are divided into 0-6 grades: grade 0, no tinnitus; grade 1, occasional tinnitus, but not very painful; grade 2, persistent tinnitus, aggravated when quiet; Grade 3, persistent tinnitus in a noisy environment; Grade 4, persistent tinnitus with attention and sleep disturbances; Grade 5, one persistent severe tinnitus; Grade 6, severe tinnitus that leads to suicidal tendencies. The harm caused by different degrees of tinnitus to the body can be summed up in the following aspects: first, it affects communication, the patient's hearing sensitivity is reduced, it affects the understanding of other people's speech, there is no way to communicate normally, and it affects interpersonal communication; second, Affecting sleep, patients are prone to symptoms of dizziness and inability to concentrate, which will affect normal life, work and study; third, affect the mental state, patients are prone to emotional changes such as worry, anxiety, tension, anxiety, depression, and severe persistent tinnitus, It can make people feel fearful, and patients will experience neurasthenia under great psychological pressure. Small tinnitus may also be seen from the signal of an acoustic neuroma, and severe tinnitus will be fatal! But this does not mean that you can ignore the occasional tinnitus. Deputy Chief Physician Guo Shaolei reminded that small tinnitus may also be a signal of acoustic neuroma! Acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor originating from the auditory nerve. It accounts for about 10% of intracranial tumors. The average annual growth rate is about 2 mm. It may take 0.6 to 4 years from onset to treatment. The most common symptoms are unilateral. Hearing loss and tinnitus are difficult to distinguish from normal tinnitus. The characteristics of tinnitus caused by acoustic neuroma are: mild and intermittent in the early stage of the disease; but as the tumor enlarges and the nerve stimulation increases, it may become persistent and high-pitched tinnitus; with the tumor Further increase, the aggravation of nerve damage, tinnitus may reduce or disappear, but at the same time accompanied by hearing loss, some patients still have tinnitus after hearing loss disappears. Although an acoustic neuroma is a benign tumor, it can compress many important structures in the posterior skull, including the trigeminal, cerebellum, and brainstem. In severe cases, it may cause hydrocephalus, intracranial hypertension, or even life-threatening. Therefore, tinnitus is a "warning signal" sent by the body. Once the problem occurs, find out the problem as soon as possible to avoid serious consequences. Family doctor's online feature, may not be reproduced without authorization

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